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19 Scientific survey of Central and South America conducted by Napoleon’s German
   contemporary Humboldt with Spanish backing

HUMBOLDT, Alexander de

Political essay on the kingdom of New Spain

4 vols. London, 1811.


 Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) was a Prussian aristocrat and geographer. Born in Berlin in the same year as Napoleon, he has come to be regarded as the founder of modern-day physical geography. From 1799 to 1804, he led expeditions to conduct fieldwork in Columbia, Peru, and other parts of Central and South America with Spanish backing. This work, which gives a political account of New Spain (Mexico), is one of the fruits of these expeditions. In content,it extends beyond just geographical matters to consider also topics such as the area, administrative division, and appearance of the land, along with details about its population, agriculture, industry commerce, military, and so on. Comparative research in the form of a comparison of British and Russian colonial policy with Spanish policy and descriptions of the differences in the natural environment between Mexico and Europe are also to be found in this work. Instead of simply reciting figures, Humboldt demonstrates scientifically how everything interrelates.This work’s inclusion of extensive statistics, maps, and other resources made it a valuable resource on Spanish colonial policy and significantly enhanced Humboldt's reputation in Europe as a scholar.
 The volumes in this collection comprise the English translation from the French original, produced between 1808 and 1811. The entire set of four volumes was published in 1811 in the same year as the final year of publication of the French edition.
                            (22×14cm×4 vols.)

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