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教皇グレゴリオ13世偉業要略

Compendio delle heroiche et gloriose
attioni,  et santa
vita di Papa Greg. XIII
CIAPPI, Marc[o] Antonio
Roma : 1596
チャッピ 『教皇グレゴリオ13世偉業要略』

 マルコ・アントニオ・チャッピの著書 『教皇グレゴリオ13世伝』 は、 幾度か版を異にして刊行され、 本館にも3種が見出される。 そのうち1596年、 ローマ刊行の一書は、 三十余の木版画を掲げ特に注目される。 木版画の中にはグレゴリオ13世の方針にそって建てられた安土、 有馬、 臼杵、 府内のイエズス会学校などの四つの建築物と、 伊東マンショら、 いわゆる天正遣欧使節の教皇謁見図があって日本人には親しみ深いものがある。

  This biography of Pope Gregory XIII, who is perhaps best known as the introducer of the Gregorian calendar, was first published in 1591. The present revised edition is of five years later.
  Pope Gregory XIII was born Ugo Buoncompagni in 1502, and was Pope from 1572 until his death in 1585. It was shortly before his death that he received in audience the Japanese boy ambassadors, dispatched by the daimyo of Arima and Bungo, and the ambassadors were later to be present at the funeral of the Pope. One of the many woodcuts in the present volume depicts the scene of the audience, and the text gives the names of the ambassadors as Don Mantio Ito, Don Micaele Gengiva, Don Martino Farra, and Don Giuliano Nachaora.
  There are also woodcuts which purport to depict Jesuit buildings in Japan, at Usuki, Funai, Arima and Azuchi, and these have been taken as evidence that the Jesuits erected European-style buildings in this country. What is more likely, however, is that the style of architecture is simply a product of the imagination of the artist.

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